CLINICAL EDUCATION MODEL IN OCULAR DISEASE FOR FOURTH YEAR OPTOMETRY STUDENTS

Title CLINICAL EDUCATION MODEL IN OCULAR DISEASE FOR FOURTH YEAR OPTOMETRY STUDENTS
Author, Co-Author Nadia Zalatimo, Jessica Potter
Topic
Year
2011
Day
Program Number
115486
Room
Amphitheater
Affiliation
Abstract PURPOSE: We developed a clinical educational model in ocular disease which includes topics and conditions routinely seen in the VA population. The model includes independent reading of landmark clinical trials, followed by group discussion with staff, followed by direct patient care in which clinical trial results are applied. Student learning was assessed by a pre and post rotation quiz and by clinical evaluations. This study evaluated student learning over the course of their rotation at the VA.

METHODS: Each fourth year student at the Manchester VA Medical Center was given a 54 question, multiple choice, ocular disease quiz on the first day of their rotation. The quiz was collected, graded and sealed. Students were given reading assignments which included clinical trials in ocular disease. The articles were discussed weekly during a three hour conference and cases were presented illustrating how to apply the information to patient care. On their last day, the students were given the same quiz. The pre and post quiz were graded as a percentage of correct answers. The pre and post quiz grades were compared to determine if there was significant change. Mid-term and final clinical grades were compared to determine improvement and whether there was a correlation to quiz grades.

RESULTS: Nineteen students took the pre and post quizzes. The mean pre quiz result was 65% correct out of a possible 100%. The mean post quiz result was 82.1%, a difference of 17.1%. This was statistically significant at p<0.0001 using a paired two sample t-test . Clinical grades revealed eight Honors, 10 Pass and one Remedial grade.

CONCLUSIONS: Providing fourth year optometry students with a clinical ocular disease curriculum based on evidenced based medicine supports our impression that the students’ knowledge in important topics for managing patients in the VA improved over the course of the rotation.
Affiliation of Co-Authors Manchester VA Medical Center
Outline