EFFECTS OF CHRONIC ALCOHOLISM ON THE VISUAL SYSTEM

Title EFFECTS OF CHRONIC ALCOHOLISM ON THE VISUAL SYSTEM
Author, Co-Author Hugh M. Campbell BSC., Roger Ackerley MSC.
Topic
Year
1992
Day
Sunday
Program Number
Poster 76
Room
Great Hall
Affiliation
Abstract As an initial part of a long term study of the effects of chronic alcohol dependency on the visual system and the extent of recovery of function, a variety of aspects of visual function were investigated on 38 male subjects (mean age = 37.9 range = 25-56) in the psychiatric unit of the Highland Health Authority. The subjects were classified as chronic alcoholics using criteria laid down by the 'Diagnosis and Statistics of Mental Disorders Manual' 1987 (DSM/111R). Measurements were taken on admission to the unit ( T1 ) and on a second occasion 7 to 8 days after admission ( T2 ) during which time there had been complete abstention. Data were collected for colour vision (Ishihara, 100 hue), accommodation (RAF, Badel system), visual acuity and glare disability (Bailey Lovie chart), contrast sensitivity (Vistech) and photo-stress recovery time (PSRT) on both occasions. Results for colour vision showed one subject had a red/green anomaly, but no other defects were detected. Amplitudes of accommodation were within accepted age norms and there was no significant difference between measurements on the two occasions. Visual Acuity at high and low contrast on the Bailey Lovie chart was not significantly different after one week, and glare disability was similarly unaffected. There were however small but significant differences (Wilcoxon SR p CRANIOPHARYNGIOMA - AN ADULT PRESENTATION
Affiliation of Co-Authors
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