Optometry and Vision Science (OVS) Announces - October 2015

Coming in the October 2015 Optometry & Vision Science


Here are brief highlights.
The online and printed copy will be available early-October.
E-Publication Ahead-of-Print now available for all these articles at
http://journals.lww.com/optvissci

Anthony J. Adams, OD, PhD, FAAO
Editor-in-Chief

 

Eye-Hand Dominance in Golf?

Eye-hand dominance on golf putting and driving performance is controversial. Golfers spend a lot of time in a putting stance (bent at the hips, head tilted down). Our authors investigate the impact of stance (primary versus putting) on ocular dominance.

Multiple Sclerosis Treatments Monitored with Vision Function

In the debilitating Multiple Sclerosis (MS) vision function fluctuates over time, with relapses and remittance. The authors find that multifocal vision evoked responses may help predict the largest fluctuations and be used to evaluate therapies in MS.

AMD and Prolonged Exploration Times

The authors assessed the ability to explore and match an object with a congruent scene on a touch screen computer and discover that exploration, not motor responses cause the slow touch screen behavior. This informs improved display formats for AMD.

Fear of Safety for the Visually Impaired

The authors found visual impairment leads to some expected fears of falling, slipping, tripping and bumping accidents for the visually impaired.

Accommodation Measures With Autorefractors

Our authors measured the static and dynamic accommodative response has been compared when measured with the WAM-5500 and the PowerRef-II monocularly in pre-presbyopic patients. They found static differences between the instruments at high (5D) accommodative demands, but not at 2.5D. All dynamic differences were statistically significant.

Anisometropic Amblyopes Different in Myopia and Hyperopia 

Authors find high five-year-old myopic and amblyopic anisometropes reduce their anisometropia (initially 7.25D) with aging, while hyperopes (initially 3.89D) increased their anisometropia. After more than 2 years the final anisometropia was not significantly different between the two groups (4.07 D VS 3.62 D, respectively).

Vertical Yoked Prisms (VYP) Help Vergence?

The authors found little support for this prior recommendation. No significant effect of VYP on horizontal dissociated phoria was found. This suggests that, if VYP do indeed improve binocularity problems, they do not do so by an immediate impact on horizontal phoria.

Herniated Fat Posing as Orbital Tumor

Subconjunctival orbital fat herniation may clinically simulate other orbital tumors or adipocytic neoplasms. Our authors illustrate the clinical and pathologic features that allow its ready distinction with 16 eyes in a retrospective interventional case series.

Thick Corneas Don’t Impede Topical Vancomycin

Using vancomycin (50mg/ml) as a model IOP ophthalmic drug, the authors studied 55 patients undergoing phacoemulsification cataract extraction and found no difference in vancomycin concentrations in the aqueous humor between patients with thick and thin corneas.

Vision Loss Recovered with Traumatic Choroidal Rupture

Despite traumatic choroidal rupture with subretinal fluid for a 14 yr old, causing 20/50 vision, early intravitreal bevacizumab injection successfully restored vision prior to choroidal neovascularization.

Bilateral Iritis From Bladder Carcinoma Treatment

In what they consider the first reported case, the authors suggest autoimmunity as the basis in this case. Given the prevalence of bladder cancer therapy they urge prompt referral if it is discovered.

Photoreceptor Function Improves in Zonal Occult Outer Retinopathy (AZOOR)

Seven adult males with AZOOR and photopsias and severe vision loss were studied. Both treated (steroid pulse therapy) and untreated patients improved vision and restoration of photoreceptor function measured by spectral- domain optical coherence tomography and multifocal electroretinography.

Newborn Glaucoma with Imperforate Pupil

The authors report a rare case of newborn congenital glaucoma that associated with imperforate pupil where the iris adhered to the posterior edematous cornea surface. Three years of followup documented a good visual and IOP outcome in this unusual surgery.