|Title||RETROSPECTIVE STUDY ON THE PREVALENCE OF KERATOCONUS AT KING KHALED EYE SPECIALIST HOSPITAL, RIYADH, SAUDI ARABIA|
|Author, Co-Author||Mosaad Alabdulmunem|
|Abstract|| PURPOSE: This retrospective study aims to evaluate the prevalence and referral pattern for keratoconus by sex, age and region of Saudi Arabia to a tertiary eye-care hospital
Methods: Files from 1,638 keratoconus patients from different regions of Saudi Arabia were referred to King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital (KKESH), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia between January 1999 and December 2010, and were analysed in a retrospective manner.
METHODS: Files from 1,638 keratoconus patients from different regions of Saudi Arabia were referred to King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital (KKESH), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia between January 1999 and December 2010, and were analysed in a retrospective manner.
RESULTS: Charts of 1,638 keratoconus patients at KKESH, from 1999 to 2009, were reviewed for demographic factors of age, sex and area of origin within Saudi Arabia. Mean age at evaluation was 21.7 years, with a range of 14-49 years. 465 patients (28.39%) were in the age range of 21-25, followed by 389 patients (23.75%) in the age range of 16- 20. The least number of patients were in the age range of 10-15 and 46-50 with 34 (2.08%) and 51 (3.11%) patients respectively. The rate of keratoconus patients in the age range of 26-30 and 31-35 were 230 (14.04 %) and 273 (16.67%) respectively. The distribution of referred keratoconus patients in the age range of 36-45 narrowed down with 113 (6.89 %) and 83 (5.07 %) patients respectively.870 or 53.11% of the cases were male and 768 or 46.89% were female. 37.30% were referred from the Central region of Saudi Arabia, 37.11% were from the Southern region, 10.50% were from the Northern region & 9.34% were from the Eastern region.
CONCLUSIONS: 1,638 patients were referred to KKESH for diagnosis and treatment for keratoconus from one of five regions of Saudi Arabia for an annual average rate of referral of 136.5 patients per year. The overall distribution of keratoconus patients is almost equal amongst men and women with higher incidence in younger patients aged between 16-26 years.
|Affiliation of Co-Authors|