SALUS UNIVERSITY STUDENTS' KNOWLEDGE OF, EXPERIENCE WITH, AND ATTITUDES TOWARDS COMPLEMENTARY, ALTERNATIVE AND INTEGRATIVE MEDICINE(CAIM)

Title SALUS UNIVERSITY STUDENTS' KNOWLEDGE OF, EXPERIENCE WITH, AND ATTITUDES TOWARDS COMPLEMENTARY, ALTERNATIVE AND INTEGRATIVE MEDICINE(CAIM)
Author, Co-Author Maryana Zagorodny, Brad Genereux, Derek Mladenovich
Topic
Year
2010
Day
Wednesday
Program Number
105030
Room
Third Floor Foyer
Affiliation
Pennsylvania College of Optometry at Salus University
Abstract PURPOSE: Salus University(SU)mission is to protect and enhance health and well-being. With this in mind, we aimed to (1) assess the knowledge of, experience with, and attitudes of SU students towards CAIM, and (2) to determine students’ attitudes towards inclusion of CAIM in the curriculum.

METHODS: Results presented are from a direct survey of 168 1st year SU students(response rate 90.32%): optometry (OD, n=125), audiology (AuD, n=17) and physician assistant (PA, n=26). CAIM is defined as (1) Acupuncture/Acupressure/Reflexology/Massage Therapy, (2) Traditional Chinese Medicine/Ayurveda, (3) Meditation/Yoga/Qigong, and/or (4) Vitamin/Mineral Therapy/Herbal Medicine.

RESULTS: Most respondents were female (71%), as are SU students. Strong correlation was noted between knowledge of and exposure to CAIM (r=0.79), with 90.4% of subjects having used CAIM, and between knowledge of and history of personal efficacy (r=0.65). While no gender difference was noted in the use of, the most common form of CAIM used was Vitamin/Mineral Therapy/Herbal Medicine (81.5%, ANOVA, p<0.05). While AuD students appear to have least exposure to CAIM, no difference was noted among programs in the knowledge, or efficacy. Regardless of the program (ANOVA, p<0.05), 80%, students believe that CAM should be offered to patients among series of treatment options. 48% support inclusion of CAIM in curriculum (9% don’t), with PA students appearing to be more in favor, as were those with history of use (r=0.56). Majority (56%) supported the use of CAIM in future practices given appropriate training, with OD students appearing to be least in favor. Some correlation was noted between including CAIM in the curriculum and employing it in future practice (r=0.56).

CONCLUSIONS: General attitudes towards CAIM are positive among SU students. As most believe that it should be included in the respective curricula, further studies and training of faculty members may be within the scope of fulfilling the SU mission.
Affiliation of Co-Authors Pennsylvania College of Optometry at Salus University, Pennsylvania College of Optometry at Salus University
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