Introduction: Ocular Trauma is an important cause of visual loss worldwide. Prevention of ocular trauma is not always possible, but can be avoided if suitable eye protection is worn, and visual loss can be reduced with prompt treatment. Our goal is to evaluate causes of ocular trauma and visual performance after management.
Methods: 132 eyes of 120 patients (99 males and 21 females) with the age from 1 - 50 years old were referred for visual rehabilitation at the Optometry Clinic, Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC), Doha, Qatar. The present prospective study was conducted during six month period (July 2015 to December 2015). Evaluation of visual functions was performed for all patients and final visual outcome was evaluated. The required refractive correction was prescribed and subsequently spectacles were chosen after counseling with each patient.
Results: The most common causes of ocular trauma among all patients were penetrating (55 %), blunt (30%), and chemicals (12.5 %). Fire cracker (2.5 %) was found to be the lowest common cause of ocular trauma. Unilateral trauma (90 %) was higher than bilateral trauma. Males had higher incidence of ocular trauma than females as 82.50 % and 17.50 % respectively. Fifty percent of the total number of all referred patients with ocular trauma were children (< 18 years old) followed by 30% of patients between the age of 18 to 30 years.
Conclusion: Most ocular injuries were among children and male workers. The significant improvement in visual acuity and visual performance confirms the importance of wearing refractive correction and eyewear protective glasses. Thus, public awareness to use protective eyewear and other safety precautions such as goggles, face shields and helmets during working hours assists in reducing the risk of ocular trauma. Children should have more attention and awareness should be expanded at school in order to avoid the incidence of ocular trauma as a result of sharp or flying objects or chemical.