WOMEN'S OCULAR HEALTH: MANAGEMENT OF VISION DURING PREGNANCY

Title WOMEN'S OCULAR HEALTH: MANAGEMENT OF VISION DURING PREGNANCY
Author, Co-Author Diane Beasley, Maria-Christina Cruz, Kathryn Peek
Topic
Year
1995
Day
Saturday
Program Number
Poster 47
Room
Grand Salon A,B
Affiliation
Abstract Information and guidelines for optometric management of pregnant patients are not readily available. A number of physiological changes during pregnancy may affect the eyes and vision. The practioner must distinguish between changes that are normal and changes that are abnormal. Normal ocular changes associated with pregnancy include decreased intraocular pressure (IOP), decreased corneal sensitivity, slight to moderate changes in refractive error, and contact lens intolerance. In addition, many pathological conditions can arise and pre-existing conditions can be exacerbated during pregnancy. Such conditions include hypertension, toxemia, diabetes, retinopathy, and autoimmune disorders. A clinical protocol for treating pregnant patients will be recommended, including a thorough case history, blood pressure screening, and dilated fundus examinations. A knowledgeable approach to correcting refractive error and administering diagnostic and therapeutic drugs will be discussed. The role of optometrists in educating pregnant patients about the changes that may occur in their eyes and with their vision will be addressed. Guidelines will also be presented for making referrals for conditions beyond the scope of optometry. In conclusion, optometrists as primary care providers must be knowledgeable about the management of normal and pathological conditions that occur during pregnancy.
Affiliation of Co-Authors
Outline