PSYCHOLOGICAL VARIABLES AFFECT SELF-REPORTING ON A DRY EYE QUESTIONNAIRE

Deborah Erickson

Abstract

PURPOSE. This study examined the extent to which the patient’s style of personal interaction, extraversion and introversion and selected health proneness factors, such as subjective well-being, self-efficacy, and adaptability affected self-reports on the McMonnies Dry Eye Questionnaire (MDEQ). METHOD. Forty-five subjects (age 32y +/- 7) completed the MDEQ, the Millon Index of Personality Styles (MIPS) and the Health Proneness Questionnaire (HPQ). Twenty-four of these subjects were current soft contact lens wearers. The remainder had abandoned contact lens wear for a variety of reasons including dryness. Significant variables were identified by parametric correlations with MDEQ score.

RESULTS. The MDEQ correlated positively with extraversion (r = 0.29) as assessed by the MIPS and negatively with subjective well-being (r = -0.44) as assessed by the HPQ. A hierarchical regression model using these two psychological variables as independent variables accounted for 32% of the variance in MDEQ score.

CONCLUSIONS. Psychological variables are an important factor in patient self-reporting of dryness symptoms. Eyecare practitioners should consider the patient’s style of interacting and communication, as well as overall sense of well-being when interpreting the MDEQ.

Details

Year: 2001

Program Number: Poster 104

Author Affiliation: University of Sydney

Co-Authors: Fiona Stapleton, Paul Erickson

Co-Author Affiliation: CRC for Eye Research & Technology, CRC for Eye Research & Technology

Room: Poster 104